About Bhutan

Tucked away in the Eastern Himalayas, Buddhist Bhutan retains the charm of a bygone era. The serene landlocked country is bordered by China and India. Panoramic countryside, Buddhist stupas, historic temples and monasteries are witnessed all over the land. Nature has rewarded the nation with some breathtaking beauty in the form of majestic Himalayan peaks and crystal clear rivers.

Cultural and spiritual legacy of the country is associated with Vajrayana Buddhism, which has also earned the status of the state religion. The constitutional monarchy has nearly 38,394 Km sq. in its jurisdiction with a population of nearly 7, 00,000 people. Different linguistic groups prevailing here include the Sharchopas, Bumthangpas, Ngalongpas and Lhotshampas. Buddhism entered the Himalayan country with the arrival of the 7th century. The credit goes to the Tibetan king Songtsan Gampo who conquered Sikkim and Bhutan and was instrumental in constructing Buddhist temple architecture in the land. Religion has been propagated by various rulers and has played a constructive role in the country's growth.

The 17th century witnessed the major event of unification of the country under the capable military leadership of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. Local warlords were brought under the ambit of a centralized law and a network of dzong (fortresses) was constructed to ensure the safety of the frontiers. These dzongs are still utilized as centers of administrative and religious control. However, Namgyal's death lead to internal warfare and anarchy. After a period of civil war, normalcy was restored under the hereditary king Ugyen Wangchuk. Showing acute military leadership and political shrewdness, he was able to unite the country following a series of civil wars; as the 19th century came to a close. Bhutan earned the distinction of being one of the earliest countries recognizing the independence of its neighbor India.

Bhutan, though entering the modern era with aplomb, still keeps its spiritual heritage largely intact. Aesthetic pleasure is derived from visiting different parts of the country. Bhutan's architecture, religious sites and heavenly cities draw hordes of visitors on account of subtle beauty. The colorful country is renowned for its religious festivals, referred as the tsechus. Paro and Thimphu host some exceptions tsechus specially; as spring and autumn converge. However, the various monasteries and dzongs witness festivals all round the year.

Bhutan has earned fame on account of its cottage industries also, which are spread all around the place. Further, supreme natural heritage and a varied flora and fauna make the country a favorite with conservationists. Various medicinal herbs are found in this marvelous land. Explore nature at its best with Himalayan peaks which cross 7,000 m in a country filled with extreme climatic variations. Bhutan's commitment to conservation can be gauged by the fact that nearly 70 % of the country maintains its forest cover. Tour the beautiful land to relish the magical purity prevailing here.

List of Bhutan Journeys