Nepal is officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It has the total population of approximately 27 million and it is also ranked as 93rd largest country by land mass. Nepal is also first mentioned in the late Vedic text, Atharvaveda Parisista as a place exporting blankets, and in the post-Vedic Atharva Siras Upanisad.

Nepal is also mentioned in Hindu text such as the Narayana Puja.

Nepal had the monarchy rule for over a long period of time and got declared in June 2008. It is the world's only Hindu monarchy which was controlled by a hereditary prime ministership until 1951. It is also mentioned in the Hindu holy epic of Ramayana where the lord Ram's wife is from Janakpur in the Tarai Nepal.

In the mid-18th century, Prithvi Narayan Shah, a Gorkha king set out to put together everything to make this present day of Nepal. He embarked on his mission after seeking arms and aid from India and buying neutrality of bordering Indian kingdoms. After several bloody battles and sieges, notably the Battle of Kirtipur, he managed to conquer the Kathmandu Valley in 1769. A deailed account of Prithvi Narayan Shah's victory was written by father Giuseppe who was an eyewitness to the war.

In the medieval period Nepal was ruled by Mallas who were largely confined to their own territories and remained undisturbed. In the late 14th century, Nepal was bought less than one reign by King Jaisthitimalla, though the unification was short-lived. After this period Nepal was divided into 3 kingdoms namely Kathmandu, Patan and Bhadgaon.

List of Novelty of Nepal Journeys